A lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to help relieve chronic pain.
This injection consisting of a quick-acting anesthetic and a long-term, pain-relieving steroid is used to relieve pain in the low back and pain that originates in the low back but radiates into the buttocks and legs. This type of pain may be due to conditions including sciatica and degenerative disc disease.
The injection is an outpatient procedure and usually only takes a few minutes to complete. The patient will lie face down and a local anesthetic will be given to relieve pain associated with the procedure. When the patient is numb, the physician will use a fluoroscope (x-ray) to determine the exact location of where the injection needs to be administered. Once the correct location has been determined, the pain doctor will administer the pain relieving medication and steroid medication directly to the irritated nerves.
Once the injection has been given, the pain management doctor will bandage the area, and after a short time in the recovery area, the patient will be allowed to return home.
Many patients feel relief soon after the injection. Several injections may be needed to experience full pain relief benefits.